DATE: 25TH JULY 2000




DAY: 2

--------------------------------------------------------------------------CHAIRPERSON: Good morning. We will restart the proceedings. For the record, it is the continuation of the session of the Amnesty Committee at the JISS Centre in Johannesburg. It is Tuesday, the 24th of July 2000. The Panel is constituted as would be apparent from the record. The first matter that we will be dealing with this morning is the amnesty application of Philip Nambo Masilo. The amnesty reference number is AM2060/96. For the formalities, Mr Mbandazayo you can perhaps just put yourself on record again.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson. My name is Lungelo Mbandazayo, I'm representing the applicant in this matter. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Mr Mbandazayo. Ms Mtanga?

MS MTANGA: My name is Lula Mtanga, the Evidence Leader for the Amnesty Committee. Thank you, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Ma'am. Mr Mbandazayo, is there anything that you want to draw our attention to or put on record before we administer the oath to your client?

MR MBANDAZAYO: None Chairperson, except that the applicant is Tswana speaking, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you very much, I think we have the appropriate interpretation service for that. Perhaps also just tell the Interpreter if you can hear the translation on your headset. Are your full names Philip Nambo Masilo?

PHILIP NAMBO MASILO: (sworn states)

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, you may be seated. Mr Mbandazayo?

EXAMINATION BY MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson. Chairperson, for the purposes of this hearing I will use the affidavit which starts from page 8 of the bundle. Thank you.

Mr Masilo, is it correct that you were born on the 4th of May 1959?

MR MASILO: That is correct.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Is it correct that you were born in Pretoria?

MR MASILO: No, I was not born in Pretoria.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you tell the Committee where were you born.

MR MASILO: I was born in Britz.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now can you tell the Committee when did you join the PAC?

MR MASILO: I joined the PAC in 1985.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Where did you join the PAC?

MR MASILO: In Mabopane.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Is it correct that before you joined PAC, you were a supporter of PAC.

MR MASILO: Yes, that's correct, I was a supporter of PAC.

MR MBANDAZAYO: When did you start supporting PAC?

MR MASILO: In 1985.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Mr Masilo, the affidavit which is ...(intervention)

JUDGE MOTATA: May I interpose, Mr Mbandazayo. You referred us to an affidavit on page 8, there it says he was a supporter from 1977, at Tembisa, not the answer we got right now.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, it's 1977, that's why I was now taking him back to the affidavit now, just to confirm the contents of the affidavit, because now he's talking about 1985.

CHAIRPERSON: These issues can't really be in dispute, Ms Mtanga will indicate that, you can lead him on that.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson, but for purposes Chairperson, just to curtail the proceedings the best for me is to read the affidavit.


MR MBANDAZAYO: Mr Masilo, do you confirm that this affidavit was made by yourself and you abide by its contents?

MR MASILO: That is correct.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Is it your signature that appears here?

MR MASILO: Yes, that's my signature. Before I joined the PAC in 1985 - in 1977 I was not yet the supporter of the PAC, but I was following the PAC, it is only in 1985 that I started becoming the supporter of PAC.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, I will proceed to read the affidavit, thank you.

"Philip Nambo Masilo states under oath in English: I am a black male, 40 years of age, residing at 2507, Block B, Mabopane. I am presently service 25 years sentence at Medium A, Central Prison, Pretoria.

I am a supporter of PAC organisation from 1977, at Tembisa branch, under the command of Joshua Ghatle. And his address is unknown, but at Sidibeng(?), Tembisa.

During the year, 1985, Mr Joshua Ghatle came to Mabopane from Tembisa to meet me and Solomon Dlamini, Philemon Tebele, at a house known as a hide house. He told us that we must got to a certain house in Pretoria to take money from a white male. We said we must talk to him polite, until we grab him and demand him to open the safe.

It was on Wednesday, the 16th October at about 3 o'clock. I was with Philemon Tebele and Solomon Dlamini. We proceeded to the house directly, directed by Joshua Ghatle. He also gave us a car, used to travel. Philemon was the driver of the car.

When arriving at the house we find the white male, unknown to me. We talked to him and we grabbed him. We did not have any firearm. By the time we grabbed him he fell down and Solomon took a piece of wood and struck him on the head, demanding that he must open the safe. After that we find that the time he fell down he was fainting.

We did not get the keys of the safe. We ...(indistinct) leave him be, him being collapsed and go away. When leaving the house, Solomon took a watch in the kitchen. We left the house and proceed to give Joshua his car.

After four days Solomon Dlamini was arrested by the police and gave them information until I was arrested and Philemon. The police informed us that the person we left in the house collapsed, is dead. They are arrested us for murdering a white and take his watch.

It was not the first time when Joshua sent us to rob money. We used to rob money and give it to him. He said he's taking money for PAC organisation.

We have been taken to Pretoria Supreme Court, where I've been sentenced to 25 years and Solomon was sentenced to death sentence. Solomon was hanged during 1988.

I am asking amnesty from the relative of the deceased and from the Committee of Truth and Reconciliation, even if the deceased was not killed by me. I know and understand the contents of this declaration. I have no objection to taking the prescribed oath."


CHAIRPERSON: Mr Mbandazayo, we'll have to interrupt you unfortunately. We're going to stand down just very briefly to allow the technicians to adjust the system, there's some technical problem. We'll stand down briefly.



CHAIRPERSON: I'm told that the technical problem has been attended to, so you may proceed with your evidence-in-chief.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson and Honourable Members of the Committee. Chairperson, I will start with paragraph 2 of his affidavit.

Mr Masilo, you say in paragraph 2 of your affidavit that you have been a supporter of PAC from 1977, can you tell the Committee what do you know about PAC, that resulted you being its supporter.

MR MASILO: I became interested in the PAC politics in 1977. I grew up being the supporter of the PAC, but I became a naughty boy in 1978 and I was arrested, but when I came back in 1985, I met Joshua Ghatle, together with Solomon Dlamini. We met at the funeral. That is where Solomon Dlamini introduced me to Joshua Ghatle. I explained to them that I want to be the full member of the PAC and I also want to be the cadre of the PAC, and then he said to me they will give me a task to do before I could be the member of the PAC.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Okay. Mr Masilo, my question is, what attracted you to PAC, that you became its supporter?

MR MASILO: I was interested in the PAC politics.

MR MBANDAZAYO: How did you know about PAC in 1977?

MR MASILO: When I grew up I used to hear people talking about the PAC.

MR MBANDAZAYO: What were they saying about PAC?

MR MASILO: They used to say the white people have taken our land from our fathers. They used to say that white people have taken the black people's land.

MR MBANDAZAYO: That's all you heard about PAC?

MR MASILO: And many other things as well.

MR MBANDAZAYO: What were those other things?

MR MASILO: There was a problem at Mabopane and it was said that we should burn the businesses' cars belonging to the white people when they entered the township.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now, Mr Masilo, was there a branch of PAC in Tembisa in 1977?

MR MASILO: I started becoming the supporter of the PAC in 1977 at Mabopane. I went to Tembisa because of Joshua Ghatle.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Was there a branch in Mabopane of PAC?

MR MASILO: No, there were no branches but only the supporters.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now I take it that you were supporting PAC, did they tell you about the leadership of PAC, at that time?

MR MASILO: Yes, they did, they told me.

MR MBANDAZAYO: What did they say, who was the President of PAC at that time?

MR MASILO: They said the President was the late Zeff Motopeng.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now let's go now to 1985, paragraph 3 Chairperson, when you joined PAC as a member at Mabopane now. You were a supporter from '77 until 1985, now you joined PAC as a member in 1985, in which branch did you join PAC as a member now?

MR MASILO: I joined in Mabopane from Joshua Ghatle.

MR MBANDAZAYO: After how long had you been released from prison that you joined PAC?

MR MASILO: It was about two months after I was released.

ADV SANDI: What did you go to prison for at that stage?

MR MASILO: I was very naughty at that time, I didn't know anything about the PAC at that time, I was just a naughty boy.

ADV SANDI: What were you found guilty of when you went to prison?

MR MASILO: I was involved in mugging.

ADV SANDI: Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Sorry, can I just complete this?

You say that you were naughty at that time and you knew nothing of the PAC, now what time is this that you are referring to?

MR MASILO: That is from the '70's, then in 1978 I was sent to jail.

CHAIRPERSON: Now when was it that you knew nothing about the PAC?

MR MASILO: That is starting from '73, that is when I started being a naughty boy. I did ...(intervention)

CHAIRPERSON: Until - I'm sorry, Mr Interpreter, carry on. You were not finished.

INTERPRETER: ... until I was arrested.

CHAIRPERSON: So you were a naughty boy from '73 until '78?

MR MASILO: Let me put it this way. From '73, '74 and '75, and in 1977 I started having interest in the politics of the PAC, like I've explained before, but then I was still naughty at that time.

CHAIRPERSON: Is this now just before you went to prison, you became aware of the PAC?

MR MASILO: That is correct, I knew about the PAC from 1977, but in 1978 I was sent to jail.

CHAIRPERSON: So if you say that, "At that time I knew nothing about the PAC", are you talking about the time before 1977, when you became aware of the PAC? Or don't I understand you correctly?

MR MASILO: Yes, I used to hear about the PAC during those years, but it's only in 1977 that I heard more about the PAC.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes now, then it seems that you were imprisoned in '78, were you then in prison till 1985?

MR MASILO: Yes, in January.

CHAIRPERSON: January '85. And then a few months after that you joined the branch in Mabopane, of the PAC?

MR MASILO: That is correct.

CHAIRPERSON: Now before the time that you joined in early 1985, I assume, were you involved in any PAC activities?

MR MASILO: Yes, but I was never arrested.

CHAIRPERSON: What sort of PAC activities were you involved in prior to '85, when you joined as a member?

MR MASILO: They used to tell us to burn the cars in the township, so I used to participate in the burning of the cars. I also burnt my brother's car.

CHAIRPERSON: Anything else, any other PAC activities that you were involved in, prior to joining as a member in 1985?

MR MASILO: That is all, Chairperson. I started in ...

INTERPRETER: I beg your pardon, Chairperson, he wasn't actually referring to his brother's car, but the car belonging to the brewery.

CHAIRPERSON: To the breweries, alright. Yes, thank you Mr Mbandazayo, we've taken it up to where you were last, just to complete the picture. I think you were in '85.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson. Thank you, I'm indebted to the Members of the Committee, Chairperson.

Now Mr Masilo, you told the Committee that you joined now formally the PAC in 1985, am I correct that you said you joined it in Mabopane?

MR MASILO: That's correct.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Was there a branch of PAC at Mabopane?

MR MASILO: There were supporters at that time, there was no PAC office, the office was in Tembisa.

MR MBANDAZAYO: So where did you get your membership card?

MR MASILO: Joshua Ghatle took my photo and took it to Tembisa office.

MR MBANDAZAYO: So there was an office of PAC in Tembisa?


MR MBANDAZAYO: And this office was a well known PAC office in Tembisa?

MR MASILO: That is correct.

ADV SANDI: I'm sorry, Mr Mbandazayo.

Where exactly at Tembisa was this office?

MR MASILO: I don't know in which section in Tembisa, but they said to me that the office was in Tembisa. I heard that from Joshua Ghatle.

ADV SANDI: Thank you.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now just before that, did you have any meetings of PAC, as supporters there?

MR MASILO: Yes, we used to have meetings in Mabopane.

MR MBANDAZAYO: And I take it that you discussed about PAC?

MR MASILO: That is correct.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Did you know in 1985 when you joined PAC in 1985, who was the President of the PAC?

MR MASILO: They told me that it was Zeff Motopeng.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Okay. Now did you know ... (intervention)

ADV SANDI: Sorry, Mr Mbandazayo, if I can just make a follow-up on that.

Did they tell you where the head offices of the PAC were in exile?

MR MASILO: Yes, they told me.

ADV SANDI: Where was that?

MR MASILO: They said it was in Lusaka.

ADV SANDI: What happened to your membership card?

MR MASILO: They took my photo and they said they are going to make a membership card for me.

ADV SANDI: Did you eventually get the membership card?


ADV SANDI: Thank you.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Mr Masilo, did you know that in 1985 the PAC was banned?

MR MASILO: Yes, I heard that.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now how were you operating now above ground as supporters of PAC and having an office in Tembisa and yet PAC was banned at that time?

MR MASILO: Joshua Ghatle was the person who used to give us instructions as supporters, together with Solomon Dlamini.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now let's come to this incident now, who told you to go to this place and rob this place?

MR MASILO: He did not say we should go and rob, he said to us if we happened to get money there, we should take it.

MR MBANDAZAYO: So what was your purpose of going to this place?

MR MASILO: We were going to kill.

MR MBANDAZAYO: And how many of you were told to go and do that?

MR MASILO: We were two.

MR MBANDAZAYO: So it was yourself and Solomon Dlamini?

MR MASILO: That is correct.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Where did you get the third person, Philemon Tebela?

MR MASILO: We were using his car.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Was he a member of PAC also, or a supporter of PAC?

MR MASILO: No, he wasn't.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Did he know your purpose of going there?

MR MASILO: No, he did not know.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now in your affidavit you told the Committee that the car, you were given this car by Joshua Ghatle, now you are saying that the car belonged to Philemon Tebele, which one is correct?

MR MASILO: The truth is what I am saying now. This car belonged to Philemon Tebele and after we were given instructions by Ghatle, I told him that we will need a car and the only person that I knew who had a car was Philemon Tebele.

MR MBANDAZAYO: So you went to this place, and what did you say to Philemon Tebele, your purpose of going there?

MR MASILO: We did not tell him anything, I just told him that we are going to town and we are going to get our money from that white person.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now tell the Committee what did you do on your arrival at this place.

MR MASILO: I hired the car from Philemon Tebele. We were heading to that place. When we arrived there we left the driver in the car. I entered the place together with Solomon Dlamini. When we entered the yard, Solomon Dlamini was the person who was talking to the deceased, they were talking about business matters, and at that moment he hit this white man on the head with a block of wood. I also took that block of wood and hit this man on the head as well.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Did you kill him?

MR MASILO: Yes, we did.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now, were you armed when you went, or were you not armed?

MR MASILO: We were not armed.

MR MBANDAZAYO: How were you going to kill him?

MR MASILO: That is how Joshua Ghatle wanted to test me, because he said before I could be the cadre of the PAC, he's going to give me a task to perform, a task like this one.

MR MBANDAZAYO: I heard that you hear that you have heard about that, but what I'm saying is that you were given a task to go and kill this white person, how were you going to kill him when you were not armed with anything, you went there with bare hands?

MR MASILO: Joshua Ghatle together with Solomon Dlamini were members of the PAC at that time, I was the recruit, so I went there with Dlamini and he was instructing me, he was showing me what to do but he was also not armed.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Okay, Mr Masilo. Now are you telling the Committee that Mr Ghatle, Joshua Ghatle told you that in order to join PAC you have first to kill a white person? It's what he told you. Before you can be a member of PAC.


MR MBANDAZAYO: Now after you have struck him with this piece of wood, what did you do thereafter?

MR MASILO: Solomon Dlamini instructed me to lock him in the garage and from there we went to the servant's room and we knocked at the door. They tried to chase us and we ran away to our car, where Philemon Tebele was, and from there we drove to Mabopane. In Mabopane we left Philemon Tebele's car. We went to meet Joshua Ghatle. He told us where we are going to get him when we come back, and we found him at that place and we told him that we have accomplished our mission. The explanation was done by Dlamini and that is when he said to me. "We will need your photo, because when we send your application forms they should be accompanied by your photo". That is when I gave him my photo.

MR MBANDAZAYO: You did not take anything from that place after you had allegedly killed this white person? Nothing was taken, except that you just killed him and you left?

MR MASILO: The other thing that I remember was that Solomon Dlamini took a wrist watch, that is the only thing that I remember.

MR MBANDAZAYO: What did you do with the wrist watch? What happened to it?

MR MASILO: He gave that watch to the driver as a payment for taking us to town.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now finally, Mr Masilo, can you tell the Committee why the Committee should grant you amnesty in respect of this incident.

MR MASILO: Yes, because I've killed that white man and because of that I think I should be pardoned and this white man was not killed by Joshua Dlamini, but was killed by me. And the other reason is that what I'm saying here before this Committee is the truth.

MR MBANDAZAYO: That is all, Chairperson. Thank you.


CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Mr Mbandazayo. Ms Mtanga, have you got any questions?

MS MTANGA: I've got a few, Chairperson, thank you.


CROSS-EXAMINATION BY MS MTANGA: Mr Masilo, in your affidavit and also in your testimony here today you indicated that there was a PAC branch office in Tembisa, is that so? In 1985.

MR MASILO: Yes, said so but I've never been to that office, I was only told that there was an office in Tembisa.

MS MTANGA: Are you aware that the PAC was banned in 1985 and they couldn't have had offices inside the country?

MR MASILO: That is how they told me. I was told by Joshua Ghatle and Solomon Dlamini.

MS MTANGA: You've also testified that you went to this house in Pretoria, not to rob, but to kill this person, do you still maintain that you went to this house to kill and not to rob?

MR MASILO: Yes, we went there to kill.

MS MTANGA: Why did you then on page 8, paragraph 4 of your affidavit, state that you were given orders by this Ghatle to go and take money from this white male in a certain house in Pretoria?

MR MASILO: Yes, he said to us if we see money in that house we should take it, but he did not instruct us to go and rob, but he said if we see money we should take it.

MS MTANGA: But why in your affidavit on that paragraph, why didn't you say that he ordered you to go and kill, you say you were ordered to go and take money from the house? There's no mention of a killing there, of an order to kill.

MR MASILO: Yes, it is written like that here, but it is not how I put it.

MS MTANGA: On page 9, paragraph 10, you further state that:

"It was not for the first when Joshua Ghatle sent us to rob money. We used to rob money and give to him. He said he's taking money for PAC organisation."

You said you've done this several times before. Do you remember telling the person who was writing the statement that?

MR MASILO: May you please repeat.

MS MTANGA: In paragraph 10 of your affidavit to the Commission, you stated that:

"It was not for the first time when Joshua Ghatle sent us to rob money. We used to rob money and give to him. He said he's taking money for PAC organisation."

What I'm asking you is, is this what you said?

MR MASILO: No I told that person to write about the brewery, I never mentioned anything about money to him. The only thing that I remember is that we were given instructions to go there and kill but if we see money we should take it.

MS MTANGA: Mr Masilo, even in court this is the evidence that you gave, that you had a key to safe, which clearly indicated that the intention was to rob, there's no mention that you were given orders to kill. The reason for you going to that house in Pretoria was to rob. Why are you changing your evidence here today?

MR MASILO: No, I'm not changing my evidence. I never had the keys to the safe and I have never talked about these keys.

MS MTANGA: If the orders were to kill, why didn't Ghatle give you a weapon or something to use? How were you going to kill this person?

MR MASILO: He said to me we are going to do this during the day, not at night.

ADV SANDI: Were you not expecting some resistance from the person you were about to attack, the deceased or whoever he stayed with in that house?

MR MASILO: The way the instructions came from Joshua Ghatle was that they have reconnoitred the place before, they've gone there to reconnoitre the place before they came to me and they told me that there's only man living in that house.

ADV SANDI: Did they tell you that this man had no firearm at his house, or some kind of a weapon to put up a resistance when you come and attack him?

MR MASILO: They didn't tell me about the weapons, because Solomon Dlamini said that we will find in his garage busy with his businesses.

MS MTANGA: There was so many whites that you could have killed, why did you specifically choose this one?

MR MASILO: It is not me who made the choice, the choice was made by Solomon Dlamini and Joshua Ghatle, so I was just sent there to do that task as a test.

MS MTANGA: Chairperson, I have no further questions.


CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Ms Mtanga. Has the Panel got any questions?

JUDGE MOTATA: Just one, Chairperson.

Were you going to kill this white man with your bare hands? Is that the test you were put under or through?

MR MASILO: Yes, that is how they put it to me.

JUDGE MOTATA: How were you going to do it?

MR MASILO: I did it the way they wanted it to be done.

JUDGE MOTATA: No, no, I say how? Were you given instructions precisely how to do it, or you had to use your discretion how to kill him with your bare hands?

MR MASILO: No, we used our discretion.

JUDGE MOTATA: So at the time when you were naughty, during the '80s, and you were eventually arrested, you were arrested at the age of 19, wouldn't that be more-or-less the age at which you were arrested?

MR MASILO: I was 19 years old in 1978, but I do not remember well, but I started my prison term in 1978.

JUDGE MOTATA: And when you heard about the PAC before going to prison, how old were you when you heard about the PAC?

MR MASILO: I do not remember, but at the moment I'm 42 years old.

JUDGE MOTATA: Did you attend school?

MR MASILO: Yes, I attended school up to standard 4.

JUDGE MOTATA: What year was that?

MR MASILO: I think it can be '74 or '75.

JUDGE MOTATA: When you heard people talking about the PAC, what did you hear about the PAC?

MR MASILO: They used to say that the white people in this country have robbed our fathers and they took everything from our fathers.

JUDGE MOTATA: In the township, or where did they take these things from your fathers, because I believe you were in Mabopane? Where did they take this land?

MR MASILO: They said in South Africa.

JUDGE MOTATA: Thank you, Chairperson, I've got no further questions.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you. Yes, Advocate Sandi?

ADV SANDI: Thank you, Chair.

Was this man dead when you left him?

MR MASILO: They way he fell he looked like somebody who has already died.

ADV SANDI: Did you satisfy yourselves that he was in fact dead?

MR MASILO: Yes, the way we hit him we were satisfied that he was dead.

ADV SANDI: Why did you not tell Solomon not to take the wrist watch? That was not part of the order from the person who had sent you there to attack the deceased.

MR MASILO: Joshua Ghatle together with Solomon had a discussion and I did not hear what they were discussing and I could not stop him because he was already the member at that time.

ADV SANDI: Do you know any motto of the PAC?

MR MASILO: Yes, I do.

ADV SANDI: What is the motto of the PAC?

MR MASILO: They used to say "One bullet, one settler".

ADV SANDI: Are you sure?


ADV SANDI: When was the PAC formed?

MR MASILO: Well I don't know.

ADV SANDI: Thank you. Thank you, Mr Chairman.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you. Mr Mbandazayo, re-examination?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson. Though I note some of the aspects, I will not re-exam, but just for the sake of completeness of this matter I would like these matters to be raised.



Mr Masilo, do you know what PAC stands for?


MR MBANDAZAYO: Tell the Committee what PAC stands for.

MR MASILO: It stands for Pan Africanist Congress.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you repeat it.

MR MASILO: It stands Pan African Congress.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Do you know what APLA stands for?


MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, tell the Committee.

MR MASILO: It stands for African Liberation Army.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now Mr Masilo, in paragraph 8(b) of your affidavit you state that you worked for APLA for almost four years, under APLA for four years, can you tell the ...(intervention)

CHAIRPERSON: Where is that, Mr Mbandazayo?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, at the application form, Chairperson, page 2, paragraph 8(b).


"I have worked for the PAC for four years."

Which were those years which you worked under APLA for four years?

MR MASILO: No, I don't know anything about this, I only know 1977 and 1985. Maybe the person who was writing here for me did not understand me well.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Also at paragraph 10(b) at page, Chairperson ...(intervention)

JUDGE MOTATA: Could we just have completeness here, Mr Mbandazayo, if you have regard to paragraph 7(b) on page 1.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes thank you, Chairperson, I just skipped it, because also I wanted to raise it. Thank you.

Also as the Member of the Committee correctly put, at paragraph 7(b):

"State capacity in which you served the organisation ...(indistinct) or liberation movement."

You said:

"Three to four years."

So we take it that the Pan African Congress you served it for a period of three to four years and also 8(b) you also mention these four years again, under APLA.

MR MASILO: As I've already explained, I think the person who wrote it, they did not understand me well.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Who completed this application form for you?

MR MASILO: It was one of our PAC comrades.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Where? Where was he?

MR MASILO: We were in jail.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, if I can move on.

At 10(b) your justification regarding such omissions associated with political objectives, from what is written there, there's nothing which you mention that it has anything to do with the killing but you only wanted money for APLA. There's no mention there of anything about killing.

MR MASILO: What I know is that we were given the instruction to go and kill but if we come across any money we should take it, but our main intention was to go there and kill.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, I have nothing further.


CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Mr Mbandazayo. Advocate Sandi?

ADV SANDI: Thank you, Chair, if I may just follow one thing.

You say you went there to kill, who was to be killed?

MR MASILO: The white person.

ADV SANDI: Yes, but when you went to the servant's quarters, was it still your intention to kill?

MR MASILO: No, we were only going to kill that white person.

ADV SANDI: Why did you go to the servant's quarters?

MR MASILO: I don't know why Solomon Dlamini wanted us to go there, because we have hit this white person he went to the servant's quarters. I don't know why he went there.

ADV SANDI: Yes, but why did you not say to him, "We have finished our task, we don't have to go to this servant's quarters", why did you not tell Solomon that?

MR MASILO: I could not do it because I would say he was my senior, I was under his instruction. That is Solomon Dlamini.

ADV SANDI: Yes, but after you had left the place, why did you not ask him by way of a review, why did you not say to him, "Why did you want to go to this servant's quarters, we have killed this old man by that time"?

MR MASILO: I did not think about that, I was only thinking about the person we have just killed.

ADV SANDI: By the way, do you know the first President of the PAC?

MR MASILO: They told me about him but I never saw him.

ADV SANDI: Do you know the name, who the first President of the PAC was?

MR MASILO: They said it was Japhta.

ADV SANDI: Japhta who?

MR MASILO: Well I do not remember, but I think it's Masemola.

ADV SANDI: But tell me, why is it that there are so many basic things you don't know about your organisation? Are you sure you were a supporter of the PAC? You don't know when this organisation was formed, you don't know who was the first President, you don't know so many basic things about your own organisation.

MR MASILO: Yes, I was and I'm still a member of the PAC, but I do agree that there are many things that I do not know about the PAC.

ADV SANDI: Do you know why the PAC was formed in that year which you don't even know?

MR MASILO: Well I do not know why it was formed.

ADV SANDI: You don't know why it was formed, okay. Do you know anything about POQO, in relation to the history of the PAC?

MR MASILO: No, I don't know, I'm a Tswana, I don't know POQO.

ADV SANDI: Do you know what this POQO means? I mean any member of the PAC would tell you what POQO means. You don't know what POQO means, you don't know that?

MR MASILO: I've explained that I was on my way to exile when I was arrested, that is why I don't know many things about the PAC.

ADV SANDI: You don't know that POQO means, "We alone"? You don't know that. As a member of the PAC you don't even know such a basic thing about the PAC.

MR MASILO: I am the supporter of the PAC and when I was arrested I had not yet received my membership card. I love the organisation, but I do not know everything about the PAC, because I was on my way to exile to join the PAC Army and that is where I was going to be told everything about the organisation.

ADV SANDI: So you're now telling us that you did not really join the PAC Army?

MR MASILO: That is correct.

ADV SANDI: Thank you, Mr Chairman, no further questions.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you. Just one aspect, Mr Masilo. When you went to the house, were you aware whether there was a safe in the house or not?

MR MASILO: No, I did not know.

CHAIRPERSON: Did Mr Joshua Ghatle not tell you that you should attack the owner of the house and you should demand that he must open the safe?

MR MASILO: No, he never said that to us.

CHAIRPERSON: And after Solomon Dlamini struck the owner of the house on the head with a piece of wood, did he demand that the owner should open the safe?

MR MASILO: No, we hit the owner of this house inside the garage and there was no safe in that garage.

CHAIRPERSON: Was your attention drawn to the fact that in the affidavit which you have confirmed, in paragraphs 4 and 6 you deal with this question surrounding the safe and in paragraph 4 you actually say that Joshua Ghatle, amongst other things, said that you must speak politely to the owner of that house, the while male as he is referred to in your affidavit, until you grab him and demand him to open the safe? Where you aware of that in the affidavit?

MR MASILO: Yes, I do understand now when you read it, but it is not what I said to the person who was writing for me.

CHAIRPERSON: And then just to complete what appears in the affidavit, in paragraph 6, and I'm looking at the hand-written, the original one, I'm not looking at the typed one, there's often errors that creep in in the typing, on page 11 of the record on the top of the page, that is where paragraph 6 continues, that clause at the top of the record, page 11 says, referring to Dlamini:

"He took a piece of wood and struck him on the head, demanding that he must open the safe."

Now have you got any idea how this happened, how all these references to the safe was included in your affidavit?

MR MASILO: No, I don't know. I was explaining to the person who was writing for me what happened at that day and he was writing for me as I was explaining. And I was saying to him that I heard in court that they're talking about the safe. They were not talking about the gun or any other thing. So I think this person wrote what he was thinking. I really do not understand why he wrote this.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Mr Masilo. Mr Mbandazayo, is there anything further that you want to deal with?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson, that's all, that's the evidence for the applicant. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, thank you. Ms Mtanga, are you presenting anything?

MS MTANGA: No, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: Mr Mbandazayo, on the merits of the application.

MR MBANDAZAYO ADDRESSES: Thank you, Chairperson. Chairperson, I would like just to highlight a few points. I think the evidence of the applicant is enough for you to reach a fair and a just decision in this matter, but I would like, since I posed certain questions to the applicant just for the completeness, to explain to the Committee some of the questions I posed.

I asked the applicant about the President of PAC in 1977, whether he knew the President and he said yes, and I asked him and he said it was Zeff Motopeng. Chairperson, definitely it was not Zeff Motopeng at that time, it was Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe. He was still alive, though there was an Acting-President outside, Potlako Lebalo, but at the time Sobukwe was still at the helm, before his death he was President.

ADV SANDI: You're talking about 1978 - Mr Sobukwe?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, he died in 1978, in '77 he was still alive.

Then after that I asked him who was the President in 1985. Chairperson, in 1985 the PAC did not have any President. After the death of Sobukwe, Lebalo acted and after that he was deposed as President of the PAC and the post remained vacant until 1986, when Zeff Motopeng took over as the President of the PAC. So in 1985, from 1980, to be exact, Chairperson, up until 1985 the post of President of PAC was vacant. PAC was ruled by ...(indistinct), thereafter the Central Committee, Johnny Depokela took over as Chairman of the Central Committee, until his death in 1984 and then Johnson Mlambo took over in January 1985, as the Chairman of the Central Committee. So it was ruled by the Central Committee at that period. So I wanted to explain that, Chairperson, since I raised those questions.

Of course I also asked him about the PAC, what it stands for and, Chairperson, deliberately I asked the question because PAC members are very sensitive about that, when you say that it's their Pan African Congress, they want you to complete, their Pan Africanist Congress. Definitely a member of the PAC is very sensitive to that, saying he's a Pan African Congress member.

CHAIRPERSON: That same reference appears in the application form.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: It was apparently completed by another PAC member.

MR MBANDAZAYO: ...(indistinct) and a PAC member is very sensitive to that. And also the APLA, Chairperson, is well known as Azanian People's Liberation Army.

Chairperson, as I indicated that I think it's enough, Chairperson, because there are various aspects which I feel that our case cannot be taken any further regarding some of the answers and the anomalies which appear. For instance, ...(indistinct) my first time that before you can join PAC you have to kill somebody, that's the first time, I do confess to that. So Chairperson, unfortunately I cannot take our case any further than that.

CHAIRPERSON: Ja, we've heard that sort of culture in prison gangs, for example, some criminal gangs operate, apparently, along that sort of basis where you must prove your worth before you can join them, by committing some crime. But it is quite a novel concept in the realm of the liberation parties, as it's become known through the work of the Commission at least.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, thank you, Mr Mbandazayo. Ms Mtanga, have you got any submissions on the merits of the application?

MS MTANGA: No, Chairperson, I will leave this matter in your hands.


CHAIRPERSON: Yes, thank you very much, that concludes the formalities, formal aspect of the amnesty application before us. We will consider the application. We will consider the evidence and the submissions that were made, as well as the bundle of documents that were placed before us and we will formulate a decision as soon as the circumstances permit, but at this stage we will reserve the decision in this matter. Thank you.

Mr Masilo, you're excused.


CHAIRPERSON: Ms Mtanga, do you want us to take the tea adjournment at this stage?

MS MTANGA: Yes, Chairperson. The Moti matter was by agreement postponed until tomorrow morning I assume?

MS MTANGA: Yes, that is so, Chairperson, and today we'll only be dealing with the application of Thapelo Maseko.

CHAIRPERSON: Maseko. So that's the remaining one on today's roll?

MS MTANGA: Yes, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well. Let's take the tea adjournment at this stage, for fifteen minutes, and when we reconvene we'll deal with the matter of Maseko. We're adjourned.





--------------------------------------------------------------------------ON RESUMPTION

CHAIRPERSON We will proceed to hear the amnesty application of Patrick Thapelo Maseko, amnesty reference 5918/97. The appearances are similar to the previous matter, Mr Mbandazayo appearing for the applicant and Ms Mtanga appearing as the Leader of Evidence. Mr Mbandazayo, is there anything that you want to raise, or do you want your client to be sworn in?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, I want to put on record that there is an application which involved Fidelity Guards Depot, where Maseko was involved with Vontjie Moti. That application, Chairperson, by agreement with the Evidence Leader, will be heard tomorrow when we heard Vontjie's matter, it won't be heard with all Maseko's matters.

CHAIRPERSON: So they both, Mr Maseko and Mr Moti are both involved in that?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, they are both involved in that one, so we have agreed that it be dealt with tomorrow when we are dealing with Vontjie's matter. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, Mr Mbandazayo, we have a summary of the incidents relating to Mr Maseko's application and I assume it's number 15 that will stand over for the Moti application, is it that incident?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, this one is the last one, number 15, Chairperson. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: ...(indistinct - no microphone)

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Then we're with you. Shall we swear your client in?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, he may be sworn in.

MR MASEKO: Mr Maseko, just indicate whether you hear the translation or the interpretations.


CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, please be seated. Mr Mbandazayo.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson. Chairperson, for the purposes of this hearing I will use the affidavits which start from 14 of the bundle, Chairperson.


EXAMINATION BY MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, as you would notice, that we separated the incidents. In the first affidavit it deals with Vosloorus and Nanceville incident, then the second affidavit deals with the other matters which involve repossession. I will start with the first one which starts at page 14 to page 17, Chairperson.

Mr Maseko, the affidavit which in front of you is also before the Committee, do you confirm that this affidavit which starts from page 14 to page 17, was made by yourself and you abide by its contents?

MR MASEKO: Yes, I do.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, I will start and read the affidavit for the record.

"I, the undersigned, Thapelo Patrick Maseko, do hereby make an oath and say that I'm the applicant in the under-mentioned incidents. The facts to which I deposed are true and correct and within my personal knowledge, unless the content states otherwise.

I was born on the third day of May 1956 in Westonaria. I started school at Lebanon gold mine and went to Mapute Community Schoon in Bekkersdal, until standard six. I then worked at Kloof gold mine until I left the country in 1986.

I joined PAC through Azania in 1983. On the 18th day of June 1986, I left the country to Botswana, where I stayed until December 1986.

I left Botswana for Tanzania, where I stayed for a week before moving to Guinea ...(indistinct) for military training. I did infantry training for three months and returned to Mogoro camp at Iringa, Tanzania. I stayed there for more than three years, undergoing intensive political and ideological ...(indistinct). I was thereafter deployed inside the country at the end of December 1989.

When I returned to the country through Harare, we were a unit of four, called Makana Detachment, comprising of myself, Lumumba, Tello and Small Baby. We met our contacts, Junior and Tsiki, in Bulawayo, who arranged for us to enter the country. The two contacts arranged for us to meet a person at mMbatho Sun. It was arranged that we should enter the country in pairs. Myself and Tello went first. We met our contact at the prearranged place and time. He took us to taxi rank and we boarded a taxi to Johannesburg.

In Johannesburg we met our contact, Mr Topane Mswadi. He took us to a safe place at Orlando West, Pethene(?), where we stayed until the other two comrades we left at Bulawayo, arrived with arms.

I was deployed inside the country with specific instructions to advance the struggle for the liberation of African people in all fronts. We were told that the PAC and APLA have no funds and therefore the cadres should be self-reliant. We were told that the targets will be chosen by us. This unit therefore was called the Repossession Unit. This was the first unit to be sent in the country for this purpose. Though we were to conduct other operations. I was involved in 28 operations. I'm still waiting for the outcome of the application in respect of 11 others.

As a Commander of the unit, I was to report to Comrade Junior in Botswana and hand over whatever has been repossessed by the unit to him, with the exception of arms and ammunition which were to be used by the operatives. I was to report to him by going to Botswana or by using a courier who was Comrade General.

Vosloorus Incident: Early 1990, there was a conflict between the ANC and PAC members and supporters in this area and we had a prominent member at the time living in the area, who was also a National President of NALTO(?), James Ndaweni, now Ndlalose, he's called James Ndlalose.

I was requested by Junior to provide security for him and I decided to do it myself. One night I was woken up by a noise of a group of people and who were surrounding the house and I decided to shoot and I do not know whether I shot anybody, as I was shooting randomly.

Mansiville Incident: In the early 1990s, there was a conflict between ANC and PAC supporters and members, and PAC members were being driven away from Mansiville and their houses were burnt. I decided that I must go to Mansiville to protect our members and supporters. It was myself, armed with 9mm Star pistols, Small Baby with AK47, Tello with AK47 and Toyo, armed with .38 revolver.

We monitored the situation and we saw the people who were attacking the members of the PAC, because they went to a house which we knew that it belonged to PAC members, and they attacked it. We did not know these people and we saw them where they went after the attack. We decided to attack them and we were about plus-minus 50 metres away from where they were, when we shot at them. We left Mansiville thereafter.

I do not think that there was anybody injured or killed because in the paper there was a report that they were attacked and that they suspect APLA. There was no mention of injuries or fatalities.

I respectfully submit that my application complies with the requirements of the Act, and that I have made full and proper disclosure of my involvement in the above-mentioned incidents. I therefore humbly request that my application for amnesty be granted."

Thank you. Chairperson, we intend not leading further evidence on these two incidents.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, very well.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you. Chairperson, I don't know whether should I proceed, I meant that if there is any cross-examination it can be done, or should I proceed to other incidents?

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, I think ...(intervention)

MR MBANDAZAYO: Because the person who will come and support his application will deal with the whole aspect of these incidents and the other coming one.

CHAIRPERSON: No, no, very well. I think you must proceed and cover all of the incidents in the applicant's evidence-in-chief and then, you know, the details can be dealt with after that.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson. Chairperson, for the purposes of time, the second affidavit starts from page 18 up until page 22. Chairperson, I'm intending to start at page 3, because page 18 up to page 20 at the top is still the same with the previous affidavit.


MR MBANDAZAYO: Then I will start with the incidents themselves, Chairperson.



"Elandsberg Gold Mine Operation: This happened at a self-service shop in the mine."

Chairperson, if I can take instructions, Chairperson, I want to make sure - I did not realise, there is some incident which he already has been handed amnesty in respect of, I'm not sure about which one.

MS MTANGA: Chairperson, if I may come in. It's the Elsberg Gold Mine incident. Elsberg Gold Mine.

CHAIRPERSON: ...(indistinct - no microphone)

MS MTANGA: That's the one, the only one. And the Unitra Robbery in the Eastern Cape.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson. It seems if we have to skip that one because it was already heard, this matter. I will start with the Kloof Gold Mine, Chairperson, because this one was already heard and he was granted amnesty on this one.

"Kloof Gold Mine: This shop is situated near the taxi rank and I decided that it is suitable for one person, after a careful reconnaissance. I decided that it will be carried out by myself. I boarded a taxi to this area and I was armed with 9mm Star pistol.

I entered the shop and I pointed the gun at the owner and demanded money. He pretended to be taking the money and I don't know what happened, but he tackled me down and my pistol fell down and we fought until I managed to get hold of my pistol and I shot him. After I shot him I took money and boarded a taxi and later counted it and it was R300. I do not know what actually happened to the man. We used the money to buy food for ourselves.

Lebanon Gold Mine - Fraser's Stores: We were a unit of five. It was myself as Commander, Lumumba, Small Baby, Tello and Push, the driver. I made the reconnaissance of the place and area. I wrote a letter which contained our demands, to be handed over to the manager of the store. Small Baby was to hand the letter.

We went there. I was armed with 9mm pistol, Lumumba with 9mm pistol, Small Baby with AK47, Tello with AK47. Push was the driver. Small Baby and Tello were in the assault group, myself and Lumumba in the support group. Small Baby and Tello entered the shop and handed the letter which contained our demands and at the same time pointed the firearm at the manager. We managed to get R16 000. Nobody was injured or killed. We took the money to Botswana and handed it over to Junior and he gave us R2 000.

I respectfully submit that my application complies with the requirements of the Act, and that I have made full and proper disclosure of my involvement in the operations."

Thank you, Chairperson. Chairperson, I was under the impression that all the affidavits are here. It's my submission that for all these incidents we did make affidavits. They were all made in 1998, including these ones, all of them for these incidents, but I could see that not all the affidavits are here.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, these two affidavits seem to cover four incidents that are still outstanding, of the list. It ...(inaudible) number 6, 8, 9 and 10, according to my record. 10, I assume is just misspelt on the summary, it's Nanceville instead of Mansiville, as it's put in the previous affidavit. So you say there were in fact affidavits covering each one of these?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes Chairperson, all of the incidents, all of them, affidavits were done regarding all of them, regarding all these incidents.

CHAIRPERSON: Ms Mtanga, can you perhaps help in that regard?

MS MTANGA: Chairperson, I'm not certain of the position here and if the Committee can allow me an adjournment, then I can contact the Analyst in the office to check in the file if we've got other affidavits.

CHAIRPERSON: The list of incidents, now we obviously must have had some or other indication, some or other record that enabled us to prepare this summary, because this summary I assume is a summary of the Amnesty Committee staff. This one.

MS MTANGA: Yes, Chairperson, but I think it was drawn from the application of the applicant, where he has this annexure listing all the incidents that he's applying for.

MR MBANDAZAYO: In fact, Chairperson, I still remember, in his application regarding Elandsberg Gold Mine, I still remember, because he was asked about almost all these incidents when he was applying for them, especially the ones which involved the garages and he was asked at length because the affidavit was there regarding these incidents, though they were not subject of the enquiry at that time.

CHAIRPERSON: Now the Annexure 1A, from page 4 of the record up to page 9, does that coincide with the incidents on the summary, the incidents that is referred to by the applicant in Annexure 1A? Would you know that? Either one of you.

MS MTANGA: Chairperson, I'm not in possession of the summary, but the summary that would have been prepared for this hearing would be dealing with only Gauteng matters, leaving out all the Eastern Cape incidents and what he has been already heard on.

CHAIRPERSON: So the summary - I don't know if you shouldn't just take one, just take a copy ... That summary, Ms Mtanga, if you look at that, does that on the face of it, relate only to Gauteng matters, or what?

MS MTANGA: ...(inaudible - no microphone)

CHAIRPERSON: Okay, alright. ... (inaudible - no micro-phone)

MS MTANGA: Chairperson?

CHAIRPERSON: ...(indistinct - no microphone)

MS MTANGA: Yes, the sequence is the same, Chairperson, except for Kliptown Garage Incident, on the application and annexure it's listed as the fifth incident and then on the summary it's listed as the third incident, but the rest of the sequence is accurate and it follows the annexure sequence. The last incident on the annexure, on page 7, is the Fidelity Guard Incident, which is the last incident in Gauteng, according to the application and that's where the summary also ends, with the Fidelity Guard Incident.

JUDGE MOTATA: I don't know if we could have regard to page 5, because I see the Lebanon incidents, there is one of AK Stores, Lebanon Gold Mine, Frasers Stores and there would Lebanon Eating House, but the Lebanon AK Stores is missing.

MS MTANGA: Thank you, Chairperson, for your assistance, that is so.

CHAIRPERSON: So according to that we should add the Lebanon AK Stores?

MS MTANGA: Yes, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: To the list?

MS MTANGA: To the list.

CHAIRPERSON: Won't you just physically do it on that list, I think it should now be number 16, ja. Just add it in. So that will be a convenient summary of the contents of Annexure 1A to the applicant's amnesty application. I think, Mr Mbandazayo, what you must ascertain is whether these are the ones that are outstanding, that your client wants to apply for amnesty in respect of, at this session, and if so, then you must lead him on these issues, because it is before us, it is part of the annexure although there are no affidavits immediately available, but perhaps we can overcome that problem by just leading him on these.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, I was going to suggest if I can lead him, because he was applied for all these. With regard to others, he has already submitted affidavits with regard to those in Transkei, because we were requested to submit these and it was said it was going to be a chamber matter because no people were injured, and an affidavit was submitted to that effect, with regard to those. I don't know whether there will be a hearing or not, but an affidavit was submitted with regard to others, with the exception of ...

Chairperson, for the purposes of completeness then, I will use the annexure from page 4, to deal with these incidents, all of them.

Mr Maseko, page 4, I think you have it, can you tell the Committee about the incident, Orlando East Garage Robbery, in 1990.


"That is one of the first operations that we started when we came from exile. We received information from people. We had not yet identified targets at that time. We went to this garage and got information that we might get a lot of money. Unfortunately we only managed to get R300.

It was myself, Tello, Lumumba. We were three in this operation. We arrived at this garage and we pointed firearms at them. They used these safes and we could not manage to get a lot of money, that's why we got R300, because the key was nowhere to be found.

No-one was injured from our side and those that we found at the garage. That is how the operation went."

I thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Just repeat the names of the other two people that were involved with you in this incident.

MR MASEKO: It was Lumumba and Tello. T-e-l-l-o.

CHAIRPERSON: Thank you very much. Yes you may proceed with the others.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now what did you do with the money, this R300, Mr Maseko?

MR MASEKO: Since this amount was not that big, we had to use it for ourselves to ferry us to different places where we wanted to go.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you tell the Committee about Orlando West Garage.

MR MASEKO: We arrived at this garage during the night. It was myself Tello and Lumumba. They had already locked the safe and we did not get even a cent. No casualties were encountered and we left the garage and got home and slept. Actually, the operation was a failure, we didn't get anything.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now can you proceed to Dube Garage.


"We had also received information that we would get money at this garage. Unfortunately we did not get anything. We were still three, it was Small Baby, Tello was not part of this operation, Small Baby, Lumumba and myself.

We got into this place, but we encountered resistance from the garage owner who had a .38 firearm. The safe was locked. We bought R50 which they had in possession after people had bought petrol at this garage. I would consider as well that this operation was a failure. That will be all."

ADV SANDI: Was anyone injured?

MR MASEKO: Yes, the person who had the .38 firearm was injured, he got shot. He got injured in the leg, but ultimately we managed to take the firearm that he had.

ADV SANDI: What happened to the R50?

MR MASEKO: We used this R50 to take Small Baby from where he came from. He did not stay in Soweto. He used it to go back to his place where he came from.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Where was he staying, Small Baby?

MR MASEKO: At that time he stayed in Bekkersdal location next to Westonaria.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now can we proceed to Nancefield Garage.


"We got to this garage at about 2 o'clock in the morning. They used the same system as other garages. Fortunately we managed to get R300 at this garage. People in this operation were myself and Lumumba. We used this money for transport to get to see other PAC comrades."

MR MBANDAZAYO: Kliptown Garage.


"Kliptown Garage is next to the post office. We decided that since there's conditions and situations, it was the same as other garages, we decided not to attack garages anymore. No-one was injured in this incident and we got back."

ADV SANDI: Sorry, can I just take you one step backward. The Nancefield Garage incident, did you say if anyone was injured there?

MR MASEKO: No-one was injured in the Nancefield incident and no-one was killed as well.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you proceed to Lebanon AK Stores.


"After we have realised that garages operated in a similar fashion, we decided to attack shops. We went there to the Lebanon AK Stores, which was a store on the mine. It was myself, Lumumba and Mdu.

On arrival at this store, they were just about to close, we pointed firearms at these people and we demanded money. They gave us the money and we took the car as well. We put some equipment which we would use and send to others in camps.

Unfortunately when we arrived in Soweto, we came across a roadblock. At this roadblock we started running away. A shooting ensued between us and the police. We left the car together with everything that we seized from the Lebanon AK Stores and ultimately we lost everything.

From our side nobody was injured, but since we started shooting randomly, I cannot say whether there were casualties or someone was killed as a result."

ADV SANDI: How much was taken at Lebanon AK Stores?

MR MASEKO: I do not know, we have not yet counted the money that we took. It was in a bag and we left it in the car as we came across the roadblock and ran away.

ADV SANDI: And what kind of goods were taken?

MR MASEKO: It included clothing, like shoes, lumberjackets, clothing.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you go to Lebanon Eating House.

CHAIRPERSON: Mr Mbandazayo, just before you go off the Lebanon AK Stores, in the annexure on page 5, paragraph 7A, which I think stands for amount, abbreviation for amount, there is a reference to:

"People were injured and one was killed"

is that incorrect?

MR MASEKO: That is correct, Chairperson, it is at this Lebanon AK Stores. When we took these clothes there were people who posed resistance to what we were doing, that is when we started shooting and one got injured and I witnessed that, and there was one who was killed, and I saw that person. There was a person killed and one injured at the store.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well. And it's at the roadblock that you just shot randomly, you're not sure whether anybody was injured?

MR MASEKO: Yes, at the roadblock shooting ensued, but I cannot tell what happened.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well. Mr Mbandazayo, you may proceed.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Lebanon Eating House, Mr Maseko.


"Lebanon Eating House is a shop and on Lebanon Mine. It is next to the Frasers store. It was myself, Lumumba, Tello, Small Baby and Vincent. We managed to get approximately R3 000, and we took the kombi as a getaway vehicle for us.

There were two Portuguese people. The other one was shot on the spot. The other one, I don't know whether he was dead or alive. Later on we took this kombi to Botswana."

ADV SANDI: Did one of these people die?

MR MASEKO: At that time I was not sure whether they were dead, because both fell to the floor, but later I learnt that one died because he was stabbed, he or she was stabbed.

ADV SANDI: Where did you hear about that?

MR MASEKO: Through the print media and others who worked at the Lebanon Gold Mine.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now can you go, Mr Maseko, to Diepkloof Police Station ...(intervention)

ADV SANDI: Sorry Mr Mbandazayo, before you proceed on that.

The R3 000 amount, what happened to that?

MR MASEKO: When we took this kombi to Botswana, we took along this money. Junior gave us money as well, but we took this R3 000 to Botswana.

ADV SANDI: Just explain, who was Junior?

MR MASEKO: Junior was my superior at that time, an immediate superior, he was based in Botswana. We reported to him or I would send a courier to him.

ADV SANDI: Does he have any other names?

MR MASEKO: I know him as Junior only.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now Mr Maseko, can you explain the Diepkloof Police Station incident.


"This was one of our first missions after we have arrived from exile. We arrived at this station during the night, it was myself, Lumumba, Small Baby, Tello and Vincent, as our driver. On arrival we started shooting and we threw handgrenades into the station and then thereafter we left. As a result, I cannot tell if there were people killed or people injured, we just shot at the station randomly and threw in handgrenades and left."

MS MTANGA: Chairperson, may I just ask the applicant to repeat which incident he is referring to? I missed that.

CHAIRPERSON: It's on the record, page 8, paragraph 13, right at the bottom of that, page 6, "Diepkloof Police Station". Have you got that?

MS MTANGA: Thank you.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now Mr Maseko, the Chicken Farm, at page 7, paragraph 14, "Killed a Police Informer". Can you tell the Committee how did this happen, how did you come to know that this person was a police informer.


"Personally I did not know the chicken farm, but Rasta, a person known to me as Rasta, alias Kenneth Mohali, was arrested and Horatio Motchwadi was also arrested after Rasta. Lawrence Manqdela who was my courier, informed me that these people were arrested as a result of this police informer. Such a person was supposed to be eliminated. When I went to this chicken farm I was with Vincent. I was the person who was going to eliminate this informer."

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, proceed, what did you do? Did you eliminate him, how did you eliminate him?


"I went to this person's place, I knocked, as he opened the door I shot at this person. I did not even say a word to this person."

ADV SANDI: Sorry, what time of the day was this?

MR MASEKO: It was during the night.

ADV SANDI: Did you get to know the name of the victim?

MR MASEKO: I didn't get to know the victim's name to date.

MR MBANDAZAYO: What type of weapon did you use to kill him?

MR MASEKO: I used an AK47.

ADV SANDI: Sorry, just explain something. You say as soon as someone opened the door you opened fire, how did you know that this was the person you were supposed to kill?

MR MASEKO: It was - he was the only man staying there and we learnt that it was him and Vincent said, "That is the person." Manqdela stated that it is the person who is the informer, this man who opened the door.

CHAIRPERSON: Was he in fact killed?

MR MASEKO: I shot him at the door and he died in the house.

CHAIRPERSON: Did you hear subsequently, or did you witness it yourself that he was dead?

MR MASEKO: I shot this man at close range and I shot him twice and I shot him on the head. As a result, I know that he was supposed to die.

CHAIRPERSON: So you assumed that he was dead. Did you hear anything subsequently, confirming that he was dead, or didn't you hear anything further about this incident?

MR MASEKO: I have not heard anything on this matter to date.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well, thank you. Mr Mbandazayo?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you proceed to Mohlakeng Police Office.

ADV SANDI: Sorry, just before that, one little detail. Just for purposes of identifying the exact victim, the person who was killed, where exactly was this?

MR MASEKO: It was a place next to Kliptown, where shacks were built.

ADV SANDI: Do you perhaps know the name of the squatter camp? Does this place have a name?

MR MASEKO: The squatter camp's name is Chicken Farm.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you proceed to number 15, Mohlakeng Police Office. What happened there?

MR MASEKO: Let me correct something, it is Mohlakeng Post Office. That is a typing error for having typed police station.

"It was during the day. It was at the post office. We got into the post office and pointed firearms to the personnel. We got about R3 000. Those were black people. It was in the township. No-one was injured. We took the money and we locked them in the back room somewhere. We crossed the street, got into a taxi and we went deep into the location. Thereafter we went to our RV(?). No-one was shot, no-one was injured at that incident."

MR MBANDAZAYO: What did you do with the amount of money?

MR MASEKO: I had to send the money to my superior because it was a lot of money.

ADV SANDI: Can you just repeat, I did not hear the exact amount. What amount was it?

MR MASEKO: It was R3 000.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now can you tell us about the Mohlakeng Power Station.


"It was during the night when we went to Mohlakeng Power Station. It was myself and Small Baby. There were police officers who used to guard the power station.

Our aim was to disarm them of their service pistols. We would shoot at them if they resisted or we would not have to if they did not pose any resistance. It so happened that they resisted and we shot and killed one on the spot. We got one pistol and a shotgun, the so-called pump-action firearm. That is the two firearms we got from these police officers.

We reported to our RV, who was in Soweto at that time. These firearms were used by APLA."

That is all.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now Mr Maseko, are you in a position to tell the Committee how far in-between were all these incidents, because when you look, all of them happened in 1990. How far in-between were they? Especially the ones which were involving repossession, where you got money.

MR MASEKO: Would you repeat, Mr Mbandazayo.

MR MBANDAZAYO: What I want to know, Mr Maseko, how far in-between were all these incidents? How long did it take to go to another mission after the first one or the previous one?

MR MASEKO: They are not that far apart from one another. It can be a matter of three weeks, some two months in-between. When we first arrived in the country we took four months before we started taking any operations. That was to identify targets and information and to scrutinise information that we received. It would take time for us to satisfy ourselves that our mission would be a success, so we would take three months before we go for the next operation and others we would take two months, but the time was not static as three months, it was differing.

CHAIRPERSON: Was this all in the year 1990?

MR MASEKO: That is correct, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: And if you take the whole period from the first one, of these incidents that we spoke about, till the last one that we spoke about, how many months would you say did that cover?

MR MASEKO: I can say about a year.

CHAIRPERSON: Okay, thank you. Mr Mbandazayo.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now Mr Maseko, would I be correct to say that you were the head of this unit called Repossession Unit in APLA, which was code-named Beauty Salon?

MR MASEKO: That is correct.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Can you tell the Committee, initially when you came inside the country, the first group, you were the first unit to deal with this aspect of repossession, initially you were reporting to Junior in Botswana, I understand that changed after some time when APLA also established itself and having some members of the High Command inside the country, where did you report to thereafter?

MR MASEKO: We used to report outside South Africa, in Botswana, or we would send someone to go and report in Botswana, but as time went on we had to establish a unit specially for repossession, however, other units got engaged in repossession. Now our forces lost a bit of direction and they started engaging in repossessions, so we wanted a specialised one which will focus only on repossession. At that time when we reported in Botswana, our leadership was not in the country, however at that time I used to report to Lethlapa Mpahlele when our leadership was not in the country.

ADV SANDI: Where was he at that stage, Mr Lethlapa Mpahlele?

MR MASEKO: Are you saying when he was in the country?

ADV SANDI: Was he outside the country in Botswana also?

MR MASEKO: He was in Botswana after PAC engaged APLA leadership in it, but the rest of the time he was outside the country.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now Mr Maseko, I understand then after you have been head of the Repossession Unit, did you establish any other units? Were there any other units which were under your unit? Did you have various units, Repossession Units after this unit now was established, so that it can focus on this repossession?

MR MASEKO: There were other units that we formed which will assist us. Yes, there were such units.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Where were they reporting?

MR MASEKO: They reported to me.

MR MBANDAZAYO: And in turn you were reporting to Lethlapa Mpahlele?

MR MASEKO: That is correct.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now Mr Maseko, in all these incidents when you arrived inside the country and you said you were starting with some of these small amounts you repossessed, can you approximately tell the Committee how much you used for your own unit and how much did you send to APLA? Can you be able to tell the Committee that?

MR MASEKO: Well I did not add up all the amounts, but if the amount was more than R3 000, we would have to take it there, but if it was less we would use it for our own things, like transport, food and the like. But if it is more than R3 000, or from R3 000 and above, we would have to take it, or rather report it that we have used so much from what we have repossessed.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Now for food and other things, were you depending on this money of repossession, or were you having any other source where you get these things, or from members of the PAC? What was happening?

MR MASEKO: We were rather dependant on this money that we got during operations, but there were PAC members who gave us clothing or food and for our own security we had to use our money.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Chairperson, I think that's all at this stage, thank you.


CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Mr Mbandazayo. Ms Mtanga, any questions?

MS MTANGA: Yes, Chairperson, I have a few, thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: While Ms Mtanga is looking, Mr Mbandazayo, did I understand you correctly, were you intending to call a witness in support of this application or not?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, I was intending, I'm just waiting for Gen Fihla, he told me that he's on the way, because the whole of this week of course he was ...(indistinct) because Mr Maseko was, some of the Members of the High Command, so he was specifically tasked by APLA to come to Phila Dolo and Maseko's application.

CHAIRPERSON: So you had Gen Fihla in mind?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson. Before we started I was talking to him on the phone, unfortunately he has to start from the office, you know, so he told me that he's on the way.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well, I was just checking to see what the logistics are. Ms Mtanga, I interrupted you.


Mr Maseko, you indicated that when you were infiltrated into the country, you came with Lumumba, Tello and Small Baby, where are these people now?

MR MASEKO: I know only the whereabouts of the two. Small Baby was buried early this year. I heard that Tello was buried last year. I don't know the whereabouts of Lumumba until today.

MS MTANGA: In your operation at Lebanon AK Stores, you mentioned that one of the operatives was Mdu, it was yourself, Mdu and Lumumba, who was this Mdu and how did he come to join your unit?

MR MASEKO: Mdu is one of the recruits. We trained him. He was also our driver.

MS MTANGA: You also mention a further name is in the Nancefield Garage incident, you mentioned Patrick, who was Patrick?

MR MASEKO: Patrick is an APLA guerrilla who was sent after us into the country.

MS MTANGA: And there's also a further name added in the Lebanon Eating House. You mentioned Vincent who was with you in that incident, who was this Vincent?

MR MASEKO: Vincent was one of our couriers, he worked at Mohasa. He was one of our drivers. He recently passed away.

MS MTANGA: Do you know his surname or full names?

MR MASEKO: Vincent Mama.

MS MTANGA: The next question that I'm going to ask you is a general question about repossession. What I first would like to know, you say you were infiltrated into the country in 1989, and then you started operating from 1990, what I would like to know from you, the other units that you were operating that - you were the first unit to operate in the country, as a specialising unit in repossessions, after you were established as a unit, was there any other unit that was formed, or were there other units that were formed specifically to deal with repossessions, apart from your unit, other than your unit?

MR MASEKO: Before we established this unit in South Africa, PAC had other units, but I was specifically established for repossessions and we also created other units. Besides our unit there were other units that we established or created.

MS MTANGA: Were these also Repossession Units, that is, specialising in repossessions?

MR MASEKO: They reported to the RU Unit.

MS MTANGA: Were there units that were formed in Gauteng, in the Gauteng area which specialised in repossessions, that were never established by you or that you were never involved in their establishment? Do you know of any units that were formed in the Gauteng area?

MR MASEKO: I cannot comment on those that I do not know, I would only comment on those that I have established and those that I know.

MS MTANGA: In your knowledge, were there other Commanders or people tasked with commanding and establishing units for repossessions, other than yourself, after you had first established the first Repossession Unit in the country?

MR MASEKO: I do not know such units except those that I've established.

MS MTANGA: If there were such other units, who would - would you have a name of a senior person who would be able to confirm that information, that the existence of other specialising units that is specialising in repossessions other than your unit who would know that information? Or who would give instructions for such units to be formed.

MR MASEKO: If they existed, they would have informed me so that we do not create clashes of operations by these units.

MS MTANGA: Did these units, that is the Repossession Units, at any time co-opt or recruit criminals, who probably were robbery criminals, who were involved in robberies, to form part of your units? Did that ever occur?

MR MASEKO: We used the criminals who had better information than us, because we only managed to get R50, but these criminals knew that we would get huge amounts of money at different places.

MS MTANGA: What kind of deal would you have with them, were they paid for what they did with you?

MR MASEKO: The deal was that they should join APLA and become full members of APLA. We didn't promised them anything, we promised them that they would get the land once Azania is freed.

MS MTANGA: Thank you, Chairperson, I have no further questions.


CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Ms Mtanga. Has the Panel got any questions?

JUDGE MOTATA: Just one, Chairperson.

What was your RU called? Your Repossession Unit.

MR MASEKO: Are you referring to the code-name?

JUDGE MOTATA: Yes, your code-name.

MR MASEKO: It was called, code-named, Beauty Salon.

JUDGE MOTATA: Thank you, Chairperson, I've got no further questions.

ADV SANDI: Thank you, Chair, no questions from me.


Was there any significance in that name?

MR MASEKO: That was a way of hiding the existence of this unit.

CHAIRPERSON: It wasn't descriptive of the members of the unit?

MR MASEKO: Not in that fashion.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, Mr Mbandazayo, re-examination?

RE-EXAMINATION BY MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson. Only one aspect in relation to what the Evidence Leader was asking you. Now you indicated that there were units, though not specifically for repossession inside the country before you came in, what were they specifically for, those units? Were they also involved in repossession, or they were doing both on the offensive and also doing repossession on the other side? What was the position before this unit of yours was specifically tasked for this purpose?

MR MASEKO: They had an offensive task, these units referred to here.

MR MBANDAZAYO: That is all, Chairperson.


CHAIRPERSON: Thank you, Mr Mbandazayo.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes Mr Maseko, thank you, you're excused.


CHAIRPERSON: Yes, I think your witness has not arrived yet, Mr Mbandazayo.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Yes, Chairperson, I was looking that it's almost as if we can break for lunch, then I'll be able during the lunch-time to establish where he is exactly now at the present moment, so that when we resume after lunch we can start with him.

CHAIRPERSON: Were you intending to call any witnesses, Ms Mtanga?

MS MTANGA: No, Chairperson, that is all.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well, that seems to be the only remaining witness in this matter, which is the only one that remains on our roll. We will take the luncheon adjournment and we'll reconvene at 2 o'clock, when we hopefully can deal with the remaining evidence.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson.

CHAIRPERSON: We're adjourned.



CHAIRPERSON: Yes, Mr Mbandazayo, you wanted to lead the testimony of Gen Fihla, in support of the application of Mr Maseko, and we mentioned to you during the adjournment that it appears that Gen Fihla might be of some assistance, his testimony might be of some assistance in the matter where Mr Maseko, in respect of the incident where Mr Maseko and the matter that follows his, the application of Moti, where the two applicants were jointly involved in, which was going to stand over until we deal with the Moti matter, and we raised the possibility with you to explore with Gen Fihla, whether we can arrange for his testimony to stand over until tomorrow, when we deal with that matter, and whether he would then be in a position to present his testimony in support of Mr Maseko, tomorrow. Have you got any indication whether that might be possible?

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson and Honourable Members of the Committee. Chairperson, I've canvassed that with Gen Fihla, Gen Fihla has agreed to give his testimony tomorrow morning after the incident where Mr Maseko is involved with Mr Moti. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Yes, thank you very much for your assistance in that regard Mr Mbandazayo, that will assist with some practical and logistical difficulties that we would have had otherwise. We appreciate your assistance in that regard.

Now in respect of the incidents that we have concluded today, we are in your hands really, you know, whether you want to address us on those issues at this stage, separately, or whether you want to address us on all of Mr Maseko's incidents tomorrow, it's really entirely up to you.

MR MBANDAZAYO: Thank you, Chairperson. In view of the fact that Gen Fihla is no longer going to give his testimony today, then also I would like also my argument to be after he has given testimony, as I wanted him to support also these applications which have been heard today. So I would like to address the Committee after his testimony tomorrow morning. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well, that does seem to be in the best interest of Mr Maseko, also in respect of the incidents that we have already heard.

Yes, it seems that we will then have to stand the matter down until tomorrow when we deal with the incident where he was jointly, Mr Maseko was jointly involved with Mr Moti, and then you can deal with the argument at the conclusion of those proceedings. Very well.

Ms Mtanga, is that acceptable insofar as you are concerned?

MS MTANGA: Yes, Chairperson, I agree with it. Thank you.

CHAIRPERSON: Very well. Well under those circumstances, we are now going to adjourn the proceedings until tomorrow morning when we will deal with the remaining incident in respect of Mr Maseko and the application in toto of Mr Moti. We will then adjourn and we'll reconvene here at 9 o'clock. We're adjourned.